Chicago Travel and Tourist Information
Chicago, Il- Scientific and Educational Center
Chicago, Illinois is the third-largest city in the United States with a population of about 2.9 million and a metropolitan area of over 9 million people. Chicago homes and real estate can vary from the art galleries of the River North district to the Southside of Chicago. Chicago, like much of the Midwest has large swings in temperature, from hot summers to freezing winters. The geographic position of the city on Lake Michigan can create a lake effect of sudden changes in wind and weather.
Large areas of the North Side have become gentrified with housing projects that have fallen into disrepair being demolished. The South Side of Chicago tends to be less densely populated and to have more working class and middle class one and multi-family houses. Neighborhoods include Pullman, Hyde Park and Mount Greenwood.
The leading Art Museum of Chicago is the Art Institute of Chicago, which has a collection including Rembrandt masterpieces to more recent works. Paintings include Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings such as by Monet, Renoir, and van Gogh. Educational programs and guided museum tours are available. Art books, reproductions, postcards and other items are available in the museum shop. In 2001 The Art Institute of Chicago unveiled plans to construct a new museum wing on the museum's northeast corner. Expected to be completed in 2009, the new wing, designed by architect Renzo Piano, will add approximately 220,000 square feet of space to the museum.
The Museum of Science and Industry has the goal of making science fun. Housed in a Greek-temple revival building, which is the only survivor from the 1893 Columbian Exhibition. Watch action-packed films in the Omnimax Theatre. Then another exhibit recreates a coal mine inside the museum. Many of the exhibits are interactive, as was the founding vision of this museum around the way that transportation systems, railroads, airplanes and modern industrial assembly lines work.
The University of Chicago was founded in 1890 by John D. Rockefeller. It has about 13,000 students and has been the center of many academic trends in the United States. This includes the Univ. of Chicago's Economic School and their philosophy of monetarism, as typified by the late Professor Milton Friedman. But, the University of Chicago has also been a center of scientific research, as was made famous in its role in the Manhattan nuclear project of World War II and such famous Nobel Prize physicists such as Enrico Fermi. The school is located in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago, in which it has been an extensive force in urban renewal.
O'Hare Airport is one of the largest in the world, with plans to expand it further. On the south side of Chicago, it is served by Midway Airport. Chicago is a transportation hub, at the confluence of the Mississippi River System, a railroad hub and a Great Lake port which connects to the Atlantic Ocean through the St. Lawrence Seaway. In the city of Chicago there is a system of subway and elevated lines, as well as commuter rail coming in from the suburbs.
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